This is the first official visit of Kishida Fumio to Viet Nam since he became the Japanese Prime Minister in October 2021.
The visit takes place in the context that the relationship between the two countries is at best stage of mutual trust.
Both sides are actively preparing activities to celebrate their 50th founding anniversary of diplomatic ties in 2023.
The official visit is expected to help promote Viet Nam-Japan relations more extensively and enhance the implementation of the agreements reached during Prime Minister Pham's official visit to Japan in November last year.
In addition, the visit aims to strengthen political trust between the two nations and foster practical cooperation in all sectors, meeting interests and expectations of their people.
At the summit meeting with Kishida on November 24, 2021 during his official visit to Japan, Pham stressed that Viet Nam regards Japan as a trusted, important and long-term strategic partner in its foreign policy adopted at the 13th National Party Congress.
He suggested both countries step up cooperation in a range of areas such as economic connectivity, human resources development, science and technology, supply chain, supporting industry, digital transformation, green growth, innovation, smart urban development, high-tech agriculture, infrastructure development, and climate change adaption.
For his side, Kishida emphasized he attaches special importance to the relationship with Viet Nam and spoke highly of the Southeast Asian country's socio-economic achievements as well as its increasingly important position and role in the region and the world.
The two leaders agreed to continue fostering security and defense cooperation, especially in transfer of defense equipment and technology, military medicine, cyber security, United Nations peace-keeping participation, improvement of maritime law enforcement, settlement of war consequences.
They agreed to consider resumption of commercial flights and mutual recognition of vaccine passports, step up collaboration in implementing major projects such as the North-South expressway, Hoa Lac High-tech Zone, Viet Nam's Industrialization Strategy.
The pair agreed to accelerate post COVID-19 cooperation programs using Japan's official development assistance, focusing on four areas namely transport infrastructure, climate change adaptation, healthcare, and digital transformation.
Both sides agreed to coordinate closely at regional and international forums like ASEAN, Mekong, the United Nations, and tighten collaboration to deal with common challenges of the international community such as climate change, natural disasters and environmental protection.
The two sides agreed to work closely in implementing the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP) and the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP).
Following the talks, the two Prime Ministers witnessed the signing ceremony of 11 cooperative documents between ministries, agencies and businesses of the two countries.
Japan is the fourth largest trade partner of Viet Nam, with the two-way trade totalling US$42.7 billion in 2021 and US$11.2 billion in the first quarter of 2022.
As of March 20, Japan poured over US$64.41 billion in 4,828 foreign direct investment projects in Viet Nam, ranking third among 139 countries and territories investing in Viet Nam.
Japan is currently the largest official development assistance (ODA) provider for Viet Nam with JPY 2,578 billion (or US$23.76 billion).
The two sides inked the medium and long-term vision of cooperation in agriculture on the occasion of former President Truong Tan Sang's State visit to Japan in 2014.
In 2019, nearly 952,000 Japanese visitors travelled to Viet Nam, up 15.2 percent against the previous year.
Regarding the COVID-19 fight, Japan donated more than 7.4 million COVID-19 vaccine doses to Viet Nam and JPY4 billion for the Southeast Asian nation to equip medical equipment and improve health system.