He underlined the need to reconcile intellectual property with the ethical category of shared responsibility, enhance technology transfer and work together to address global issues such as diseases, poverty, climate change and emissions.
Within the framework of North-South cooperation, all nations should take advantage of capital and technology of developed countries; form credit guarantee mechanisms and provide preferential capital for technology development projects; and develop legal frameworks for research and development (R&D) to enhance the capacity of developing countries.
G77 nations expect to further coordinate and receive more assistance from China in terms of science and technology.
Tran called on nations to promote training and development of human resources, foster innovation and creativity, and consider people as the subject and center, with the youth to play a pioneering role.
The G77 and China need to strengthen youth exchanges, share experiences in entrepreneurship, innovation, application of science, technology and innovation, he suggested.
The Vietnamese leader also reiterated the importance of creating policy and investment frameworks, especially in public-private cooperation, creating an ecosystem for research, transfer and development of science and technology products between the State, businesses, scientists and institutions.
It is vital to develop new areas from green transition and digital transformation such as material technology, quantum, biology, energy, marine technology, smart infrastructure, and new economic types, he stated.
Viet Nam strongly advocates the initiative of Cuba on the organization of the meeting of high-level authorities and ministers of Environment, Science, Technology and Innovation and the selection of September 16 as Science, Technology, and Innovation Day in the Global South, asserted Tran.
He expressed his hope that the outcomes of the summit will help promote green conversion, digital transformation, and science-technology application to create solid driving force for growth and socio-economic development.
Within the framework of the summit, the Deputy Prime Minister met with leaders from Laos, Cambodia, China, Mongolia, Venezuela and United Nations (UN) Secretary-General.
The G77, consisting of 134 countries, is the largest intergovernmental organization of developing countries in the UN, which provides means for the countries of the South to articulate and promote their collective economic interests and enhance their joint negotiating capacity on all major international economic issues within the UN system, and promote South-South cooperation for development./.